Source: thehindu.com; Author: Charulatha Mani; Photo Courtesy: chennaispider.com

Arabhi is an ancient raga. It is an audava sampoorna raga, a janya of Shankarabharanam. An auspicious raga, Arabhi conveys veera and bhakti rasas. It infuses one with enthusiasm and positive energy. It is a sarvakalika raga and is best suited for faster pieces, preferably at the beginning of concerts. The notes that Arabhi features are Sadja, Chatusruti Rishabha, Suddha Madhyama, Pancama, Chatusruti Dhaivata, Kakali Nishada (descent only), and Antara Gandhara (descent only), the Aarohana-Avarohana being SRMPDS / SNDPMGRS. Devagandhari is an allied raga, differing in the way in which these same notes are handled. In Devagandhari, the Gandhara is elongated and the raga in itself is sung with richer curves and in slow tempo. Also, in Devagandhari, the Kaisiki Nishada features as a bhashanga swara (foreign note) in phrases such as ‘DN,DP’.

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